Hepatitis C is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV).
Like most viruses, HCV is found in the blood and body fluids of an infected individual. Thus, it can be transmitted to a healthy individual if it comes into direct contact with the blood and very rarely with the saliva or other bodily fluids of an infected individual.
According to a 2013 study in Hepatology, transmission of HCV was found in 1 per 190.000 sexual intercourse in couples, who had a permanent monogamous relationship.
HCV Transmission & Sexual Contact – Risk Factors
HCV is easier to transmit during sexual intercourse if:
- one person has multiple sexual partners,
- sex is violent, therefore skin injuries or bleeding may occur,
- no use of condoms,
- protection measures are not used correctly
- one of the two partners has a sexually transmitted disease.
Hepatitis C & oral sex
There’s no evidence that HCV can be spread through oral sex. However, the risk of HCV transmission is increased in oral sex when blood is found, for example in the case of gum bleeding, larynx / pharynx infection, open wounds in the skin or bleeding period.