World AIDS Day: 5 things you need to know about AIDS

On the occasion of today’s World AIDS Day, which is dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS, a syndrome caused by the virus called HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), UNAIDS published five key numbers on AIDS.

  • 17 seconds

According to data, almost 1.8 million people were infected with HIV worldwide in 2016. This means that every 17 seconds, a new HIV infection is recorded or in other words, 5.000 new infections occur every single day.

  • Most of the HIV new cases occur in Africa

In adults, the number of new infections worldwide has decreased in recent years, specifically from 1.9 million in 2010 to 1.7 million in 2016. However, most of the new HIV infections are still recorded in Africa.

  • 36.7 million of people worldwide live with HIV

About 36.7 million people live with HIV worldwide, according to the latest UNAIDS data in 2016. This figure is increasing each year due to the high prevalence of virus transmission, as well as increased access to antiretroviral drugs in developing countries.

  • 20.9 million people receive antiretroviral treatment

Nowadays, 20.9 million people have access to antiretroviral treatment which, if taken regularly, prevents AIDS and reduces the risk of infection. As a result, AIDS-related deaths have been reduced by almost 50%, since their peak in 2005 (1.9 million deaths), to one million in 2016.

  • New cases of HIV infections in children have been reduced almost by half

Thanks to the detection among pregnant women in Africa, and the antiretroviral treatment used to prevent mothers from transmitting the disease to their children, the new cases of HIV infections in children have been reduced almost by half.

More specifically, in 2010, 300.000 new HIV infections were recorded in children, while in 2016, 160.000 new cases were occurred.

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