Sexually transmitted diseases are diseases or infections that are transmitted from person to person through sex and erotic contact in general.
In recent years, the term sexually transmitted infections is preferred as it has a wider range of concepts: an individual can be infected and can potentially infect others without having a disease.
Some STDs may also be transmitted through the use of needles after use by an infected individual, as well as through breastfeeding.
The tests you have to do to diagnose sexually transmitted diseases are as follows:
- HPV virus (human papillomavirus)
Papanikolaou test (Pap test).
- Bacterial vaginosis
Microscopic examination. Many laboratories also provide the antibiotic if the pathogenic micro-organism has been identified.
- Chlamydia, gonorrhea
Chlamydia is detected 30 hours after infection and gonorrhea 48 hours later.
- HIV (AIDS)
The virus is detected 6 weeks to 6 months after the suspected contact with the AIDS vector.
Antibodies are detected 3-90 days after infection.
By examining blood.
- Hepatitis B, hepatitis C
By blood test or examination that detects the DNA / RNA of the virus in a short time after infection.
Timely diagnosis and treatment of a sexually transmitted disease can give a completely different course and prognosis, even when it is the most dangerous of these, AIDS.
For this reason, patients are important to undergo a regular test for STDs, even if they have no symptoms.